36 thoughts on “I Am A Painter – Who Am I?”

  1. Araminta

    3. Giovanni Bellini (1426-1516), Venetian painter, founder of the Venetian school of painting, Giovanni Bellini raised Venice to a centre of Renaissance art that rivalled Florence and Rome. He brought to painting a new degree of realism, a new wealth of subject-matter, and a new sensuousness in form and colour. Bellini’s historical importance is immense. In his 65-year evolution as an artist, he brought Venetian painting from provincial backwardness into the forefront of Renaissance and the mainstream of Western art. Moreover, his personal orientations predetermined the special nature of Venice’s contribution to that mainstream. These include his luminous colorize, his deep response to the natural world, and his warm humanity.

    Feast of the Gods

  2. Araminta

    1. Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) English portrait and landscape painter, the most versatile English painter of the 18th century. Some of his early portraits show the sitters grouped in a landscape. As he became famous and his sitters fashionable, he adopted a more formal manner that owed something to Anthony Van Dyck. His landscapes are of idyllic scenes. During his last years he also painted seascapes and idealized full-size pictures of rustics and country children.

    Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher

  3. Araminta

    Good to see that these quizzes still attract some attention!

    9. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), born in Spain, was a child prodigy who was recognized as such by his art-teacher father, who ably led him along. The small Museo de Picasso in Barcelona is devoted primarily to his early works, which include strikingly realistic renderings of casts of ancient sculpture. He was a rebel from the start and, as a teenager, began to frequent the Barcelona cafes where intellectuals gathered. He soon went to Paris, the capital of art, and soaked up the works of Manet, Gustave Courbet, and Toulouse-Lautrec, whose sketchy style impressed him greatly. Then it was back to Spain, a return to France, and again back to Spain – all in the years 1899 to 1904. Before he struck upon Cubism, Picasso went through a prodigious number of styles – realism, caricature, the Blue Period, and the Rose Period.

    Boy with a Pipe – Rose Period

  4. 8. Vincent van Gough.
    That’s me done, I’m fairly sure of a couple of others but I’ll leave some sport for others. G’nite Boadicea.

  5. OMG

    6. Salvador Dali (1904-1989), Spanish painter, writer, and member of the surrealist movement. Dali’s paintings are characterized by meticulous draftsmanship and realistic detail, with brilliant colours heightened by transparent glazes. Dali designed and produced surrealist films, illustrated books, handcrafted jewellery, and created theatrical sets and costumes. Among his writings are ballet scenarios and several books. Dali lived as an ascetic at the Chateau de Pubol and in the Museum of Figeras after the death of Gala in 1982 and died on January 23rd, 1989.

    The Persistence of Memory

  6. OMG

    8. Rembrandt (1606-1669) never visited Italy but by the time he left his native Leyden to settle in Amsterdam in 1631, he had already been exposed to the latest developments in Baroque painting. The Dutch followers of Caravaggio had ensured that the thunderous use of light and shade and dramatic figures filling the picture surface had become familiar, as had the fluid, vigorous brushwork of Rubens and the thirst for grand, painterly illusions. Like Rubens, Rembrandt would have noted that Titian in his late work had gone in search of more reflective moods and discovered a new and glorious freedom in his brushstrokes.
    Of all the Baroque masters, it was Rembrandt who evolved the most revolutionary technique and who seemed to grow into the Italians’ spiritual heir. By the middle of the 1630s he had long since abandoned conventional Dutch smoothness and his surfaces were already caked with more paint than was strictly necessary to present an illusion. He was weighing his sitters with jewellery solid enough to steal, vigorously modelled with a heavily loaded brush. Where others needed five touches he was using one, and so the brushstrokes had begun to separate and could sometimes only be properly read from a distance. The exact imitation of form was being replaced by the suggestion of it: to some of his contemporaries, therefore, his paintings began to look unfinished. It was from the Venetians that he had learned to use a brown ground so that his paintings emerged from dark to light, physically as well as spiritually. Yet, despite a palette that was limited even by seventeenth century standards, he was renowned as a colourist for he managed to maintain a precarious balance between painting tonally, with light and shade, and painting in colour. Just as form was suggested rather than delineated, so the impression of rich colour was deceptive.

    Storm on the Sea of Galilea

  7. Christopher

    7. Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1652) was born in Rome, the eldest child of the Tuscan painter Orazio Gentileschi. Artemisia was introduced to painting in her father’s workshop, showing much more talent than her brothers, who worked alongside her. She learned drawing, how to mix colour and how to paint. Since her father’s style took inspiration from Caravaggio during that period, her style was just as heavily influenced in turn. But her approach to subject matter was different from her father’s, as her paintings are highly naturalistic, where Orazio’s are idealized.
    The first work of the young 17-year-old Artemisia (even if many at the time suspected that she was helped by her father) was Susanna and the Elders. It is one of the few Susanna paintings showing the sexual assault of the two Elders as a traumatic event. Artemisia was in fact assaulted sexually herself, although it was after the completion of this painting.

    In 1612, despite her early talent, Artemisia was denied access to the all-male professional academies for art. At the time, her father was working with Agostino Tassi to decorate the vaults of Casino della Rose inside the Pallavicini Rospigliosi Palace in Rome, so Orazio hired the painter to tutor his daughter privately. During this tutelage, Tassi raped Artemisia. Another man, Cosimo Quorlis had helped Tassi with the rape. After the initial rape, Artemisia continued to have sexual relations with Tassi, with the expectation that they were going to be married. However, Tassi reneged on his promise to marry Artemisia after he heard the rumour that she was having an affair with another man. Quorlis had threatened that if he could not have her, he would publicly humiliate her. Orazio pressed charges against Tassi only after he learned that Artemisia and Tassi were not going to be married. Orazio also claimed that Tassi stole a painting of Judith from the Gentileschi household. The major issue of this trial was the fact that Tassi had deflowered Artemisia. If Artemisia had not been a virgin before Tassi raped her, the Gentileschis would not have been able to press charges.
    In the ensuing 7-month trial, it was discovered that Tassi had planned to murder his wife, had enjoined in adultery with his sister-in-law and planned to steal some of Orazio’s paintings. During the trial, Artemisia was given a gynaecological examination and was tortured using thumbscrews. Both procedures were used to corroborate the truth of her allegation, the torture device used due to the belief that if a person can tell the same story under torture as without it, the story must be true. At the end of the trial Tassi was sentenced to imprisonment for one year, although he never served the time. The trial has subsequently influenced the feminist view of Artemisia Gentileschi during the late 20th century.

    One month after the trial, in order to restore her honour, Orazio arranged for his daughter to marry Pierantonio Stiattesi, a modest artist from Florence. Shortly afterwards the couple moved to Florence.

    In 1638 Artemisia joined her father in London at the court of Charles I of England, where Orazio had become court painter and received the important job of decorating a ceiling in the Casa delle Delizie of Queen Henrietta Maria of France in Greenwich. Father and daughter were once again working together, although helping her father was probably not her only reason for travelling to London: Charles I had convoked her in his court, and it was not possible to refuse. Charles I was a fanatical collector, willing to ruin public finances to follow his artistic wishes. The fame of Artemisia probably intrigued him, and it is not a coincidence that his collection included a painting of great suggestion, the “Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting.”.

    The Slaying of Holofernes

  8. 5 = Grrr, I know the guy’s name, I just don’t want to look it up 😦

    Is it Rafael? 🙂

    I know it is someone who is well known!

  9. Soutie

    2. John Constable (1776-1837), English painter, ranked with Turner as one of the greatest British landscape artists. Although he showed an early talent for art and began painting his native Suffolk scenery before he left school, his great originality matured slowly. He committed himself to a career as an artist only in 1799, when he joined the Royal Academy Schools and it was not until 1829 that he was grudgingly made a full Academician, elected by a majority of only one vote. During the 1820s he began to win recognition: The Hay Wain (National Gallery, London, 1821) won a gold medal at the Paris Salon of 1824 and Constable was admired by Delacroix and Bonington among others. In England Constable had no real successor and the many imitators (who included his son Lionel, 1825-87) turned rather to the formal compositions than to the more direct sketches. In France, however, he was a major influence on Romantics such as Delacroix, on the painters of the Barbizon School, and ultimately on the Impressionists.

    Weymouth Bay

  10. Julie
    10. Michelangelo Merisi (1573-1610, called later Caravaggio, was born in either Milan, or a town of Caravaggio near Milan. He was the son of a ducal architect. His early training started in 1584 under Simone Peterzano, a little known pupil of Titian, and continued till 1588.

    In 1592, Caravaggio went to Rome. His contact with Giuseppe Cesare d’Arpino (1568-1640), the most popular painter and art dealer in Rome at the turn of the century, brought him recognition. Through the art business Caravaggio met his first patron Cardinal Francesco Maria Del Monte, who not only held out the possibility of working independently, but also secured for him his first public commission: side paintings in the Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi. For Cardinal’s Casino dell’Aurora he painted Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto.

    From then on he was flooded by public commissions. Yet because of his violent temper he was constantly in trouble with the law. From 1600, he was regularly mentioned in police records, and was constantly under accusations of assault, libel and other crimes. In 1606, he became involved in murder and had to flee, finding refuge on the estates of Prince Marzio Colonna.

    Amor Vincet Omnia

    Not Breughal 🙂

  11. Julie

    That’s O.K – feel free!

    I do ask people not to do the whole lot in one hit – but two, or even three seems reasonable! I try to put them up at a time when most people are likely to be around, to give those who are interested a chance – but, it’s a bit difficult with all the various time zones. 🙂

  12. Two more to go. I think I can name them but I’ll wait and see if anyone else would like a chance. I’ve done my three!

  13. Julie

    4. Hieronymus Bosch was probably born in 1453 in Hertogenbosch, a town in the province of North Brabant in Holland. Few details about his life, and perhaps not the most important, are known. His real name was Jeroen van Aken and he signed his works as Jheronimus Bosch, possibly with the aim of calling attention to his native place, the woods (bosch) of the duke (hertog). Descendant of a family whose chief members were painters by profession for several generations, he was registered as a painter from 1480 onwards. In 1481 he married a wealthy woman of his town. He probably lived most of his life in ‘s Hertogenbosch, where he died in 1516. Bosch’ s thematology does not differ much from that of his contemporary artists; the subjects of most of his works are religious: Heaven and Hell, saints, hermits, the Passion of Christ, sin and its punishment. His depictions of evil spirits are nothing more than a product of the Middle Age, visible evidence of the fear of witchcraft and devilry that was so common to people of that era. However, one could say that the style of the individual figures on Bosch’ s paintings foretells Realism that was to come a couple of centuries later.

    Detail from The Temptations of St Anthony

  14. Bolleaux! Been gardening today and missed everything so far. Boadicea, you really need to flag these comps of yours ‘cos there is so much work involved and it is such a shame that not all the Charioteers catch them.

    Don’t suppose #5 is Turner?

    OZ

  15. Sorry OZ! – No!

    I’m hoping some one will get him soon ‘cos I’d like to go to bed in the near future!

  16. Alas I can’t help with your bedtime Boadicea! I only knew 6 and 9 ignorant fool that I am! Nice to have the quiz back again though!

  17. Peter Barnett

    5. Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England. He is most famous for his portraits of King Charles I of England and Scotland and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draftsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching.

    Family Group 1634

    Boadicea has gone to bed.

  18. Thanks Bearsy – Am busy gardening (amongst other things) but I follow the site by subscribing to the emails. Came in from the garden to find a recipe for king prawns (I’m also head cook and bottle washer)and saw Boadicea’s quiz.

    PS – It’s either curried king prawn or prawn risotto!

  19. Thanks Boadicea for anoher excellent, headbanging quiz.

    Peter B. Where da prawn recipes at? (Link, please)

    OZ

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