Every society contains stress between unifying forces and divisive forces, stress that increases with social complexity. Social cohesion is constantly threatened by the competing interests of different groups, some in direct conflict. Primitive, societies suffer the least stress because they are held together by strong, normative rules that are ancient, internalised, unwritten and unquestioned.
As a society becomes open to change the need arises for explicit rules from a priest or other acknowledged authority. In post Norman-Conquest England cohesion was achieved through feudalism, in which everyone knew their place. As England opened further through trade in the fifteenth and sixteenth century feudalism gave way to rising individualism, leading to confrontation between King and Parliament.
The rise of individualism began to challenge the concept of any central authority and society was in danger of fragmenting. It was this threat that led Thomas Hobbes to write ‘Leviathan’ in the seventeenth century. Eventually, the normative rules of different social elements yielded to legal controls, first through common law and then statute law.
Though such controls contain the tensions, they do not remove them. There is always a fine balance between unifying and divisive forces, especially in England. Daniel Defoe said in 1701 “…whether we speak of differences in opinion or differences in interest, we must own we are the most divided quarrelsome nation under the sun.”
Unifying forces tend to win out in times of prosperity, but divisiveness follows quickly on the heels of impoverishment. It is into such a situation that our highly educated leaders introduced an element that has tilted the balance against cohesion: multiculturalism. In their ‘we know best’ arrogance they introduced into Britain’s complex society people whose behaviour is guided by normative and religious rules appropriate to primitive, tribal societies. Those rules are sometimes in direct conflict with our norms, and with statute law.
People such as Robin Cook who saw this influx as ‘adding colour to our drab lives’ , and those less educated fools who spouted the mantra ‘their values are every bit as valid as ours’ have created a situation that will possibly lead to the destruction of a British society that has taken centuries to form. Resisting that process is not racism, simply rational.