31 thoughts on “Who Am I – I?”

  1. Boa, thanks for this as always.

    In case you have not noticed it, there is a very slight clue as to Number 8, if you ‘view’ the picture in the Media library.

    Of course, I knew who it was anyway – smiley thing.

  2. John Mackie
    7. Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859) was a British engineer who pioneered fast, cheap & reliable mass public transport with the enthusiasm of a visionary matched by his ability to convince financiers, inspire his workers and maintain the high standards that ensured the success of his projects. The son of an English mother and noted French engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, Isambard’s life was a hectic sequence of ambitious, high-risk leading-edge projects involving new technology, politics, investors and funding, and throughout his life he never stopped working on projects which called for complex organisational ability: working with clients, creating visionary designs, applying new engineering principles, budgeting, financing, and co-ordinating & motivating people. Isambard rose to prominence when, aged 20, he was appointed as the resident engineer of the Thames foot tunnel, his father’s greatest achievement.

  3. Araminta

    2. Isabella of Castile (1451-1504) helped to unify Spain via a dynastic marriage with Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469. Although Isabella was a strong personality, she had a difficult path to power. She had a disputed succession – her predecessor was a half-brother called Henry the Impotent who had no children. A rival group of aristocrats also preferred Isabella’s niece Dona Juana as heir, a preference that also had the support of the King of Portugal. The succession was fought in a war from 1474-1479. Isabella ultimately prevailed and solidified her claims to the throne of Castile via her marriage to Ferdinand. She and Ferdinand determined to rid Spain of Muslims and for the first part of her reign she was rarely out of the saddle. She is also noted for the introduction of the Inquisition into Spain and for supporting Columbus’s discovery of the New World creating a legend of a love match between she and Ferdinand.

    10. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (1917 –1984) was the prime minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, a total of fifteen years. She was India’s first, and to date only, female prime minister. She was born into the politically influential Nehru family. Her grandfather, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent Indian nationalist leader and heer father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of Independent India. She went to Somerville College, Oxford and met Feroze Gandhi, whom she knew from Allahabad, and who was studying at the LSE. She would marry Feroze in 1942. Returning to India in 1941, she became involved in the Indian Independence movement. In the 1950s, she served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as the first Prime Minister of India and after his death in 1964 she was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting . The then Congress Party President K. Kamaraj was instrumental in making Indira Gandhi the Prime Minister after the sudden demise of Shastri. Gandhi soon showed an ability to win elections and outmaneuver opponents. She introduced more left-wing economic policies and promoted agricultural productivity. She led the nation as Prime Minister during the decisive victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan and creation of an independent Bangladesh. A period of instability led her to impose a state of emergency in 1975. Due to the alleged authoritarian excesses during the period of emergency, the Congress Party and Indira Gandhi herself lost the next general election for the first time in 1977. Indira Gandhi led the Congress back to victory in 1980 elections and Gandhi resumed the office of the Prime Minister. In June 1984, under Gandhi’s order, the Indian army forcefully entered the Golden Temple, the most sacred Sikh Gurdwara, to remove armed insurgents present inside the temple. She was assassinated on 31 October 1984 in retaliation to this operation.

  4. Sheona

    6. Isaac Newton (1643-1727) laid the foundation for differential and integral calculus. His work on optics and gravitation made him one of the greatest scientists the world has known. Newton’s greatest achievement was his work in physics and celestial mechanics, which culminated in the theory of universal gravitation. By 1666 Newton had early versions of his three laws of motion. He had also discovered the law giving the centrifugal force on a body moving uniformly in a circular path. However he did not have a correct understanding of the mechanics of circular motion. Newton’s novel idea of 1666 was to imagine that the Earth’s gravity influenced the Moon, counter- balancing its centrifugal force. From his law of centrifugal force and Kepler’s third law of planetary motion, Newton deduced the inverse-square law.

    3. Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), also known as Ignacio Lpez de Loyola, was the principal founder and first Superior General of the Society of Jesus, a religious order of the Catholic Church professing direct service to the Pope. Members of the order are called Jesuits. He was active in fighting the Protestant Reformation and promoting the subsequent Counter-Reformation. He was beatified and then canonized on March 12, 1622. His feast day is July 31, celebrated annually.

  5. Christina

    1. Imhotep (2650 BC), meaning “the one who comes in, with peace”, was an Egyptian polymath, who served under the Third Dynasty king, Djoser, as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. He is considered to be the first engineer, architect and physician in history known by name. The full list of his titles is: Chancellor of the King of Egypt, Doctor, First in line after the King of Upper Egypt, Administrator of the Great Palace, Hereditary nobleman, High Priest of Heliopolis, Builder, Chief Carpenter, Chief Sculptor and Maker of Vases in Chief.Imhotep was one of very few mortals to be depicted as part of a pharaoh’s statue and wasone of only a few commoners ever to be accorded divine status after death. The centre of his cult was Memphis. From the First Intermediate Period onward Imhotep was also revered as a poet and philosopher. His sayings were famously referred to in poems.

  6. Sheona

    4. Ivan IV Vasilyevich (1530-1584), known in English as Ivan the Terrible, was Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533. Ivan oversaw numerous changes in the transition from a medieval nation state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first Tsar of a new and more powerful nation.

  7. John
    9. Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky (1882-1971) was the son of a famous bass singer at the Imperial Opera, Stravinsky showed little inclination to pursue a musical career until, while a law student, he began to study composition with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. Stravinsky was catapulted into the musical limelight with the composition of three ballets for the Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev in Paris: Firebird (1910), Petrushka (1911), and The Rite of Spring (1913). The latter work caused a celebrated scandal at its first performance and remains one of the best-known and most influential pieces of 20th-century music. During World War I, Stravinsky lived in Switzerland, and shortly afterward he settled in France. In 1939 he moved to the United States.

  8. 5 Is worrying me, I know I know the face and it won’t come out of the brain!

  9. Araminta

    8. Isadora Duncan (1877 – 1927) was an American dancer. She is considered by many to be the creator of modern dance. In the United States she was popular only in New York, and then only later in her life. She performed to acclaim throughout Europe. Barefoot, dressed in clinging scarves and faux-Grecian tunics, she created a primitivist style of improvisational dance to counter the rigid styles of the time. She was inspired by the classics, especially Greek myth. She rejected traditional ballet steps to stress improvisation, emotion and the human form. Duncan believed that classical ballet, with its strict rules of posture and formation, was “ugly and against nature”; she gained a wide following that allowed her to set up a school to teach. Duncan became so famous that she inspired artists and authors to create sculpture, jewelry, poetry, novels, photographs, watercolors, prints and paintings of her. When the Thtre des Champs-lyses was built in 1913, her likeness was carved in its bas-relief over the entrance by sculptor Antoine Bourdelle and included in painted murals of the nine muses by Maurice Denis in the auditorium. In 1922 she acted on her sympathy for the social and political revolution in the new Soviet Union and moved to Moscow. She returned to the West in 1924. Duncan’s fondness for flowing scarves was the cause of her death in a freak automobile accident in Nice, France. Duncan’s large silk scarf while still draped around her neck, became entangled around one of the vehicle’s open-spoked wheels and rear axle, breaking her neck.

  10. Sheona

    5. Inigo Jones (1573 – 1652) is regarded as the first significant British architect of the modern period, and the first to bring Italianate Renaissance architecture to England. He left his mark on London by single buildings, such as the Banqueting House, Whitehall, and in area design for Covent Garden which became a model for future developments in the West End. He also made major contributions to stage design by his work as theatrical designer for several dozen masques, most by royal command and many in collaboration with Ben Jonson.

  11. For the avoidance of doubt, my ‘smiley thing’ was intended to convey the fact that I had not the faintest idea who the lady at No 8 was until I saw the ‘gumph’ in the media store.

  12. Ivan the Terrible looks awfully like Nicholas Cage. Can’t stand Nicholas Cage. Big dope. Nicholas the Terrible works.

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